وحید صالحی حسین مرادی مخلص


هدف اصلی این مقاله، معرفی نظریه بار شناختی در یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای، مروری بر سیر تحول تاریخی و نقدی بر چارچوب نظری آن می‌باشد. یافته‌های به دست آمده حاکی از آن است که نظریه بار شناختی به عنوان یکی از تأثیرگذارترین نظریه‌ها در طراحی محیط‌های یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای شامل سه مرحله تحولی بار شناختی بیرونی در حل مسئله، بار شناختی درونی و فرضیه مجموع اولیه و نیز بار شناختی مطلوب و فرضیه مجموع ثانویه را پشت سر گذاشته است. همچنین، با نقدی بر چارچوب نظریه بار شناختی بیان شد که بار شناختی مطلوب به اندازه مفاهیم بار درونی و بیرونی، نقش تبیین و پیش‌بینی کنندگی در نظریه بار شناختی ندارد. بنابراین، یک چارچوب دووجهی شامل بارهای شناختی درونی و بیرونی می‌تواند علاوه بر شفاف و ساده‌سازی چارچوب این نظریه، از گسترش بی‌رویه مرزهای آن و نیز از توسعه نابجای ابزارهای اندازه‌گیری و انواع سه‌گانه بار شناختی جلوگیری نماید.

جزئیات مقاله

کلمات کلیدی

نظریه بار شناختی, یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای, چارچوب نظری, تحول تاریخی


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ارجاع به مقاله
صالحیو., & مرادی مخلصح. (2020). نظریه بار شناختی در یادگیری چندرسانه‌ای: بررسی سیر تحول تاریخی و نقدی بر چارچوب نظری. پژوهش‌نامه مبانی تعلیم و تربیت, 9(2), 22-49. https://doi.org/10.22067/fedu.v9i2.76911
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