نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشجو دکترای دانشگاه تهران

2 استاد دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مقاله بررسی وجوه زیباشناختی علوم طبیعی برای دستیابی به فهمی زیباشناسانه از ماهیت علم و پیامدهای آن برای آموزش علوم و تربیت علمی است. برای این منظور با استفاده از روش­های تحلیلی و استنتاجی، پس از بررسی مؤلفه‌های توافقی ماهیت علم مبتنی بر یافته‌‌های لدرمن و همکاران، به بررسی وجوه زیباشناختی مؤلفه‌های توافقی ماهیت علم پرداخته شد. این بررسی نشان داد که علم و فعالیت علمی دارای وجوه مشترک مهمی با فعالیت هنری و زیباشناسانه است. اهمیت تخیل و خلاقیت، احساسات و عواطف، شمّ و شهود و توجه به معیارهایی مانند زیبایی، ظرافت، سادگی، تقارن و تناسبِ نظریات توسط دانشمندان و استفاده از استعاره‌ها و تمثیل‌ها؛ ازجمله وجوه زیباشناختی و هنری ماهیت علم است. این پژوهش نشان داد که: 1) اهمیت پرورش قوای زیباشناختی در تربیت علمی؛ و 2) ضرورت اتخاذ رویکرد کل‌گرا در تربیت علمی، دو پیامد کلی و نظری است که از فهم زیباشناسانه از ماهیت علم، به دست می­آید.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Aesthetic Understanding of the Nature of Science and its Implications for Science Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mousa Toumajiri 1
  • Mahmood Mehrmohammadi 2

1 PhD Student of University of Tehran

2 Professor of Tarbiat Modares University

چکیده [English]

This article's primary purpose is to examine the aesthetic aspects of natural sciences to gain an aesthetic understanding of the nature of science and its consequences for science education. For this purpose, using the method of analysis and deduction, after examining the conventional components of the nature of science based on Lederman et al. (2002), the aesthetic aspects of the conventional components of the nature of science were discussed. The study showed that science and scientific activities have essential commonalities with artistic and aesthetic activity. The importance of imagination and creativity, emotions, intuition, and attention to criteria such as beauty, elegance, simplicity, symmetry and harmony of theories by scientists, and metaphors and allegories, are the aesthetic and artistic aspects of the nature of science. This study showed that: (1) the importance of aesthetic nurturing in science education; and (2) the necessity of adopting a holistic approach to science education; are two fundamental theoretical implications that result from an aesthetic understanding of the nature of science.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • aesthetics of science
  • Science Education
  • Aesthetic education
  • beauty of science
  • scientific education
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