نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشیار پژوهشگاه مطالعات آموزش‌ و پرورش

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش واکاوی و قضاوت درباره نسبت مدارس تیزهوشان با عدالت اجتماعی است. برای رسیدن به این هدف با روش تحلیل مفهومی، مفهوم عدالت توزیعی بررسی و ملاک‌های مناسب آن برای توزیع خیر تربیت مدرسه‌ای (رسمی و عمومی) تبیین شد. بر اساس نتایج این تحلیل، شرط توزیع برابر فرصت‌ها به نحو مقدم و شرط استحقاق به نحو مؤخر به عنوان شرط لازم و کافی برای تحقق عدالت توزیعی در تربیت مدرسه‌ای صورت‌بندی شد. مدارس استعدادهای درخشان بر اساس این دو شرط و به دلیل توجه به تیزهوشی به ‌عنوان شرط مقدم، بدون لحاظ کردن برابری فرصت‌ها، ناعادلانه بوده و پیشنهادشده است که این مدارس از دوره عمومی (پایه اول تا پایه نهم) حذف شوند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

Alhayar Turkman, Ali; Hussein Bor, Yar Mohammad; Jafari, Shirin; Kamri, Mehdi; Hassanzadeh, Maryam; Takhtai, Bahamin; Davoodabadi Farahani, Zohreh; Shirzadi Tabar, Pejman and Zahiri Abyaneh, Mohammad (2021) Measuring Equality and Educational Justice. Iran Ministry of Education (in Persian).
Ayvazlu, Hussein (2015). Islamic theory of social and economic justice, a series of monographs on the Iranian Islamic model of progress. Tehran: Islamic Center of the Iranian Islamic Model of Progress (in Persian).Behrad, B. (2019) Policy brief of a review Study: Observing Global Developments in the Identification System of Outstanding and Talented Students. Tehran: Research Institute for education (in Persian).Haji Haidar, H. (2011) Need for the concept of social justice. Journal of Islamic Government. Fifteenth year, third issue. Fall, pp. 62-37 (in Persian).
Ejei, Javad (1997) Talented selection before and after the revolution. Exceptional Talents Magazine. Year Six Spring Issue. pp. 27-31.
Faramarz Gharamaleki, Ahad (2006) Principles and techniques of research in the field of theology. Qom: Qom Seminary Management Center Publications
Haji Haydar, H. (2009)A Comprehensive Study of the Concept of Justice from the Perspective of Islam, Journal of Political Knowledge, First Year, First Issue, pp. 36-7 (in Persian).
Haji Hosseinnejad, Gh., Balghizadeh, S. (2004) Application of Gardner Theory of Multiple Intelligences in the Teaching-Learning Process. Proceedings of the National Conference on Reform Engineering in Education: Tehran. Education Research Institute (in Persian).
Hazeri, A., Aryan Rad, A. (2017)The issue of educational justice in the first decade of the Islamic Republic of Iran. Journal of the History of the Revolution, first year, first issue, pp. 145-171 (in Persian).
Jahez, Amr Ibn Bahr (undated) Al-Bayyan and Al-Tabin, Volume II, Researcher: Ali Bumolham. Beirut: Al-Hilal School. Quoted from Tahoor Encyclopedia. Entry of Human equality Date of harvest 2020-02-23: http://tahoor.com/en/Article/View/401474 (in Persian).
Kabiri, Massoud.; Karimi, Abdul Azim.; Bakhsh Alizadeh, Shahrnaz (2016) Findings of Thimss 2015. Research Institute for Education (in Persian).
Kabiri, Massoud.; Karimi, Abdul Azim.; Bakhshalizadeh, Shahrnaz (2017) Findings of Pirls 2016. Research Institute for Education (in Persian).
Karimian, Jalal (2020) Poverty and inequality in education. Office of Social Welfare Studies: Ministry of Cooperatives, Labor and Social Welfare (in Persian).
Kazemi Haghighi, Nasereddin (2014) Research Synthesis of Studies on the Education System Research Center of the Islamic Consultative Assembly (2016) Typology of schools of Top Talents: Inclusiveness or Isolation. Research Institute for Educatin. (in Persian)in the Iranian education system. Serial number 15316 (in Persian).
Menasheri, David. (2018) Educational system and the construction of modern Iran. Translated by Badamchi, Mohammad Hussein; Mosleh, Erfan. Tehran Sina Publications (in Persian).Mirsandsi Seyed Mohammad. (2015) Combined Theory of Justice: Theoretical Foundations of Justice in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Tehran: Center for the Islamic Model of Progress (in Persian).
Moezzi, Fatemeh; Shaukat Fadai, Mohsen and Shirvanian, Abdolrasoul (2016) Educational poverty and its determining factors in rural Iran. Village and Development Quarterly, Volume 19, Spring Issue, pp. 73-94 (in Persian).
Motahari Morteza (1983) Overview of the basics of Islamic economics. Tehran: Hekmat Publications (in Persian).
Navidi, Ahad (2018) Evaluation of experimental implementation of the plan for identifying and guiding top talents (Shahab) Quarterly Journal of Education No. 731. pp. 51-71.
Rawls, John. (2008) Theory of Justice. Translated by Mohammad Kamal Sarvian and Morteza Bahrani. Tehran: Institute of Socio-Cultural Studies (in Persian).Roshanzamir, Mohammad Ibrahim. (2016) Examining the document and content of the proposition "the government remains with disbelief and remains with oppression". Journal of Hadith Comprehension Studies, third year of autumn and winter. pp. 25–9 (in Persian).Sadeghzadeh Alireza. Hassani, Mohammad; Ahmadi, Amenh; Keshavarz, Susan (2011) Theoretical foundations of fundamental change in the formal and public education system of Iran. Tehran: Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution.Sandel, M. (2014)Justice: what’s the right thing to do. Translated in Persian by: farhadipoor, M. Tehran: Ashian publication.Sarparast Sadat, Seyed Ibrahim.; Abedi Renani, Ali (2015) Robert Nozick's anthropological assumptions and McIntyre's socialist critique of it. Quarterly Journal of Political and International Approaches. Eighth Year No. 2. pp. 10-29 (in Persian).
Scheffler, E. (1998) On human talent, translated by a group of translators, Tehran: Samat Publications (In Persian).Sen, Amartya. (2018) Equality of what? In equality reexamind.Oxford university perss. Translated in Persian by Salimian rizi, A. In Liberalism and problem of justice. Molla Abbasi, M. (editor) tarjoman Pub.Tehran. pp 100-140 (In Persian).Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution, (2008) Statute of the National Organization for the Development of Talents. Available on the website of the Supreme Council of the Cultural Revolution. https://sccr.ir/pro/2138/ (in Persian).Supreme Council of Education (2006) Generalities of training top talents in education. Available on the portal of the Supreme Council of Education https://medu.ir/fa/approvals?ocode=1000000744 (in Persian).
Tabatabai Mohammad Hussein. (1368) Tafsir Al-Mizan. Translated by Nasser Makarem Shirazi et al. Qom: Allameh Tabatabai Scientific and Cultural Foundation; Tehran: Raja Publications (in Persian).
Tabatabai, Mohammad Hussein (1994) Principles of Philosophy and Method of Realism c 2. Qom: Sadra Publications. (in Persian).
Waezi, Ahmad (2014). Critique of theories of justice. Qom: Imam Khomeini Educational and Research Institute Publications (in Persian).