نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش تبیین و نقد درونی مدل ترکیبی تربیت اخلاقی از دیدگاه ناروائز می باشد. در مقاله تبیین شده است که ناروائز دو رویکرد تربیت منش و تربیت اخلاقی عقلانی را به منظور ترکیب انتخاب و سپس این دو رویکرد را با توجه به مبانی فلسفی آنها با هم مقایسه کرده و نقاط قوت و ضعف آنها را تبیین نموده است تا بتواند نقاط مثبت آنها را با هم ترکیب کند و به نظریه ای جامع که مبرا از نقاط ضعف دو رویکرد مذکور باشد دست یابد. در ادامه تبیین شد که ناروائز مدلی را ارائه می کند که به زعم او حاصل ترکیب نقاط قوت دو رویکرد پیش گفته است.
نتایج این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که ناروائز در دیدگاه خود دچار تناقض های درونی متعدد شده است. از جمله: برتر دانستن اصول تربیت منش بر تربیت اخلاقی عقلانی، ارائه الگو توسط او علیرغم اینکه قائل به این است الگو، قاعده و اصول خاصی را در تربیت اخلاقی نمی توان و نباید ارائه کرد، باقی ماندن بر نقاط ضعف رویکردهای مبدأ، نادیده گرفتن استقلال متربی و نهایتا عدم پاسخگویی به سوالات بیشمار در تربیت اخلاقی.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Explaining & Internal Critique of the integrative model of narvaez's moral education

نویسندگان [English]

  • emad Hatami Goroh 1
  • abulfazl ghaffari 1
  • Khosrow Bagheri Noeparast 2
  • Bakhtiar ShabaniVaraki 1

1 University of tehran

2 University of tehran

چکیده [English]

This paper aimed to explain and evaluate Narvaez's model for moral education. For this purpose, it was first explained that Narvaez selected two approaches of character education and rational education in order to integrate, and then compared these two approaches according to their philosophical foundations and explained their strengths and weaknesses. She combined two positive points and developed a comprehensive theory. In the following, it was explained that Narvaez presents a model that from her point of view is the result of the integration of the strengths of the two previous approaches. Ultimately, the internal critique of this model resulted that Narvaez, in her view, has been getting into many internal contradictions. Among these contradictions is that:  On the one hand, she presents the model and on the other hand, believes that the moral education program should not follow a particular model. Secondly, first, she brings up the importance of Reasoning, then he considers the role of tacit and intuitive knowledge more essential and places the Reasoning in the second place. Thirdly, she emphasizes on independence, but with much emphasis on the educational environment, she depreciates autonomy and independence, and considers the student passive, and does not specify the mechanism and the mode of interaction between two intuitive and deliberative mind, On the weaknesses of the approach of character education, which is something like relativism and indoctrination remains. Moreover, ultimately, the Narvaez approach does not respond to many questions in moral education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Internal Critique
  • integrative model
  • Moral Education
  • Character Education
  • rational moral education
  • Narvaez
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