نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

موسسه پژوهش وبرنامه ریزی آموزش عالی

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مقاله، بازنمایی مناقشه‌ای هشتادساله پیرامون دانشگاه ایرانی است که نگارنده ریشه‌های آن را در ضعف هویتی می‌داند. ضعف‌هایی که در دو قلمرو تداوم و تمایز خود را نشان می‌دهند و سپس منجر به فقدان پیگیری یک الگوی مشخص می‌شوند. برای دستیابی به این هدف از روش پژوهش اسنادی- تحلیلی جهت معرفی چهار الگوی شناخته ‌شده آموزش عالی یعنی الگوهای ناپلئونی، هومبولتی،آکسبریجی و الگوی بازار(سبک دو) بهره گرفته شد. نتایج به دست آمده نشان داد در کشور ما در عین اقتباس عناصری از هر چهار الگوی یادشده، هیچ‌یک از آن‌ها به طور کامل تحقق نیافته است. این فقدان الگو ریشه در ضعف مؤلفه‌های هویت‌ساز، هم‌چنین کم توجهی به تدوین فلسفه آموزش عالی دارد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Iranian University and the Function & Identity Conflict: Seeking the Lost Model

نویسنده [English]

  • gholamreza Zakersalehi

irphe

چکیده [English]

The identity of university as a modern institution is the product of features like historical continuity and distinction. This article aims to represent the eighty years’ conflict over Iranian university that has its roots, in the author’s opinion, in weakness of identity; the weakness that emerges in two areas of continuity and distinction, and then leads to the absence of a specific model to follow. Using a documentary-analytical method, this article seeks to introduce four known models of higher education, namely the Napoleonic, Humboldt, Oxbridge, and the market model (style 2). The results show that, despite adopting some elements of all four above-mentioned models, none of them is fully realized. This lack of a specific model roots in the weakness of identity-maker elements, as well as lack of attention to formulation of the philosophy of higher education.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Iranian University
  • Higher Education
  • Identity and Function of the University
  • Philosophy of Higher Education
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