نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

تربیت مدرس

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، تبیین مفهوم تقوا از منظر انسان‌شناختی بر اساس آیات قرآن می‌باشد. برای دستیابی به این هدف از روش تحلیل مفهومی استفاده شد و آیاتی از قرآن کریم که ریشه «وقی» در آنها وجود داشت مورد توجه قرار گرفت. بنابر بازتعریف تقوا از منظر انسان‌شناختی و تأملات قرآنی، تقوا عبارت است از: ارزش‌گذاری غایت مدار و مبتنی بر ملاک ترجیح فطری، عقلی و یا شرعی گزینه‌های پیش رو در لحظه انتخاب که هر سه مرحله تشخیص، ترجیح و التزام عملی به گزینه مرجح را با خود دارد. دلالت‌های تربیتی این بحث در قالب استلزام‌های تقوا یا همان توانمندی‌هایی که فراگیران در اعمال تقوا باید بدان مجهز شوند عبارتند از: توان دیدن شقوق و گزینه‌های مختلف پیش رو در لحظه انتخاب، توان هزینه /فایده کردن (ارزش‌گذاری) هر یک از گزینه‌ها و تشخیص بهترین گزینه، شناخت موانع تشخیص و ترجیح گزینه برتر (شناخت تهدیدها و خطرات مسیر حرکت) و راهکارهای مقابله با آنها، ترجیح گزینه برتر و التزام عملی به گزینه مرجح و پایداری در آن.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Qur'anic Concept of Taqva (Virtue and Abstinence) and its Pedagogical Implication of the Nurture of Virtue

نویسندگان [English]

  • Somayyeh Ram
  • Mahmoud Mehrmohammadi
  • Alireza Sadeqzadeh
  • Ebrahim Talae

Tarbiat Modares University

چکیده [English]

The main Purpose of this study is to explore The Qur'anic concept of Taqva its pedagogical implication of the nurture of virtue. Methodologically, conceptual analysis, conception development was used. Verses from the Holy Quran that share the root of taqva were identified and were taken into consideration. Based on anthropological foundations of Taqva in holy Quran, the process of Taqva entails a goal-oriented valuing of options and making preferences at the moment of selection. The selection can be based on instinctive, intellectual or religious criteria but it contains all three phases of diagnosis, preference, and practical commitment to preferred option. On this basis, Taqva requirements are: “consideration of alternatives prior to selection”, “The cost / benefit analysis (valuing) of each alternative and identification of the best option”, “Understanding barriers to recognition and practical preference of the superior choice (identification of threats and pitfalls of the course of action) and strategies to overcome them”, “preference of the superior alternative for action” and “practical commitment to preferred course of action and, ultimately, staying on that course”.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • piety
  • piety requirements
  • teaching piety
Holy Qur’a. (1994). (N. Makaremshirazi, Trans). 2th ed. Qom: Darol Quran Alkarim. (In Persian).
Alamolhoda, J. (2009).Islamic Theory of Education. 1th ed. Tehran: Imam Sadiq University. (In Persian).
Bagheri N. , KH. (2008). Introduction to the Philosophy of Education of the Islamic Republic of Iran: the objectives, Bases and Principles. Vol, 1. 1th ed. Tehran: Elmifarhangi. (In Persian).
Bagheri N. , Kh. , Sajadieh, N. & Tavasoli, T. (2010). Approaches and Methods of Research in Philosophy of Education. Tehran: Institute of Social and Cultural Studies. (In Persian).
Coombs, J. R. & Daniels, L. B. (2009). Philosophical Inquiry: Conceptual Analysis. (KH. Bagheri, Trans) In Edmund C. Short (Eds), Forms of Curriculum Inquiry. Tehran: Samt. (In Persian).
Cooper, H., Hedges, L., & Valentine, J. (Eds.). (2009). Handbook of Research Synthesis and Meta-Analysis, The. Russell Sage Foundation. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/10.7758/9781610441384
Ghara’ati, M. (2004). Tafsire Noor. Vol, 8. 11th ed. Tehran: Darshaee az Qur’an. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2005).Fetrat in Qur’an. (M.Mostafapour, Eds). 3th ed.Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Izutsu, T. (2009). Religious-ethical concepts in the Qur'an. (F.Badrei, Trans). 2th ed.Tehran: Nashre Farzan. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2007). The Stages of morality in Qur’an. (A.Eslami, Eds). 7th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2009a). Tasnim. (H.Vaezi Mohammadi, Eds).Vol, 7. 4th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2009b). Tasnim. (A.Abedini, Eds).Vol, 15. 2th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2009c).Nasime Andishe. (M.Sadeqi, Eds). Vol, 3th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010a).Adabe Fanaye Moqaraban. (M.Safaie, Eds). Vol, 1. 7th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010b).Tasnim. (A.Eslami, Eds). Vol, 2. 6th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010c). Tasnim. (A.Qodsi, Eds).Vol, 4. 6th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010d). Tasnim. (S.Bandali, Eds). Vol, 10. 3th Ed .Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010e). Tasnim. (A. Abedini, Eds). Vol, 13. 3th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010f). Tasnim. (M. Heidarifar, Eds). Vol, 21. 1th Ed .Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010g). Tasnim. (H. SHafie, Eds). Vol, 22. 1th ed.Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2010h). Tafsire Ensan Be Ensan. (M.H.Elahizade, Eds). 5th Ed .Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Javadiamoli, A. (2011). Tasnim. (A.Abedini, Eds).Vo 23. 1th ed. Qom: Nashre Esra. (In Persian).
Khamenei, A. (1995). Remarks in a meeting with govremental agents. Retrieved from http://farsi.khamenei.ir/speech-content?id=2735
Khamenei, A. (1999). Remarks in a meeting with a group of youth. Retrieved from
http://farsi.khamenei.ir/speech-content?id=2884
Khamenei, A. (2011). Ethics and spirituality in the mirror of Supreme Leader. Tehran: Cultural Institute of Qadre Velayat. (In Persian).
Khamenei, A. (2013). Outline of Islamic thought in Quran. Tehran: Sahba. (In Persian).
Khamenei, A. (2014). Piety in the words of Ayatollah Khamenei. Retrieved from http://farsi.khamenei.ir/speech-content?id=27007
Khamenei, A. (2016).Makareme Velayat: Educational and ethical guidelines of the Supreme Leader of Islamic Revolution. (E.Tariqoleslami, Eds). Qom: Art and Culture Institute of Tariqe Marefate Thaqalayn
Makaremshirazi, N. (1995). Tafsire Nemoune. Vol 27. 1th ed. Tehran: Darolkotobe Eslamiye. (In Persian).
Marsh, C.J. (1991). Integrative Inquiry: The Research Synthesis. In Edmund C. Short (Eds), Forms of Curriculum Inquiry. New York: State University of New York Press
Mesbahyazdi, M. (2013a). Ensan Sazi Dar Qur’an. Qom: Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute publication. (In Persian).
Mesbahyazdi, M. (2013b). Anthropology in Quran. Qom: Imam Khomeini Education and Research Institute publication. (In Persian).
Mostafavi, M. (1981).Altahqiq fi Kalamatel Qur’an Alkarim.Tehran: Bongahe Tarjomeh va Nashre Ketab. (In Arabic).
Motahari, M. (1990).Fetrat. Tehran: Sadra. (In Persian).
Motahari, M. (2010).Majmoue Asar. Vol, 23.Tehran: Sadra. (In Persian).
Raqebesfahani, H. (1835).Almofradat Fi Qaribel Qur’an. Damascus, Beirut: Darol Elm Aldarol SHamiah (In Arabic).
Tabatabaee, M. (1995). Almizan fi Tafsirel Qur’an. (M. B. Musavi Hamedani, Trans). Vol, 1, 2, 8,15,18,19 & 20. 5th ed. Qom: Jame’e Modarresin Hozeye Elmiye. (In Persian).