Babaie, M. (2010). An introduction to e-leaenin.Tehran: Chapar Publication. (In Persian).
Chernesky, F. (2014). Massive possibilities? A forum on MOOCs. Academic Questions. 27(3), 309-309. Doi: 10.1007/s12129-014-9441-4
Clark, R. C., & Mayer, R. E. (2011). E-learning and the science of instruction. (Third Edition). San Francisco: Pfeiffer.
Coyne, R. (1995). Designing IT in the postmodern age: From method to metaphor. Cambridge: MIT press.
Dansei, M. (2009). Dictionary of media and communications. New York: M.E. Sharp.
Fu, J. S. (2013). ICT in Education: A Critical Literature Review and Its Implications. International Journal of Education and Development using Information and Communication Technology. 9 (1), 112-125.
Garrison, D.R., & Anderson, T. (2003). E-Learning in the 21st Century: A Framework for Research and Practice. New York: Routledge.
Heidegger, M. (1977). The question concerning technology & other essays. (W. Lovitt, Trans.). New York: Harper Press.
Holford, J., Jarvis, P., Milana, M., Waller, R., & Webb, S. (2014). The MOOC phenomenon: toward lifelong education for all? International Journal of Lifelong Education. 33(5), 569-572. Doi: 10.1080/02601370.2014.961245
Holmes, B., & Gardner, J. (2006). E-learning: Concepts and practice. London: Sage.
Homiakova, V., Arras, P., & Kozik, T. (2017). Challenges of using ICT in education. 9th IEEE International Conference on Intelligent Data Acquisition and Advanced Computing Systems: Technology and Applications (IDAACS). Doi: 10.1109/IDAACS.2017.8095254.
Ihde, D. (1990). Technology and the lifeworld: From garden to earth. Bloomington: Indiana University Press.
Ihde, D. (2002). Bodies in technology. Minnesota: The University of Minnesota Press.
Jaspers, K. (1963). Philosophy and the World. Chicago: A Gate Way Edition.
Jemni, M., Kinshuk. & Khribi, M. K. (2017). Open education: From OERs to MOOCs (Eds). Berlin: Springer-Verlag.
Johnson, N. F. (2009). The multiplicities of internet addiction: The misrecognition of leisure and learning. Burlington: Ashgate Publishing Company.
Karagiannidis, C., Politis, P., & Karaavvidis, I. (2014). Research on e-learning and ICT in education: Technological, pedagogical and instructional perspectives (Eds). New York: Springer.
Koller, D. (2012). What we're learning from online education. TED conference. http://www.ted.com/talks/daphne_koller_what_we_re_learning_from_online_education. Accessed Sep 10, 2014.
Laurie, R. (1997). Virtual Reality: An Empirical – Metaphysical Testbed. In Massage Board School of Journalism & Mass Communication. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press.
Naghib Zadeh, M. A. (2007). An Introduction to the philosophy of education. Tehran: Tahoori. (In Persian).
Pachler, N., & Daly, C. (2011). Key issues in e-learning: Research and practice. London: Continuum.
Robinson, B. (2008). Using distance education and ICT to improve access, equity and the quality in rural teachers' professional development in western China. International review of research in open and distance learning. 9(1), 1-17.
Sonia, L. (2012). Critical reflections on the benefits of ICT in education. Oxford review of education, 38 (1), 9-24. Doi: 10.1080/03054985.2011.577938.
Tu, C. H., McIsaac, M., Doyle, R., Aydin, H., & Ozkul, A. E. (2013). A cycle of online education ecstasy/agony: to MOOC or not to MOOC. IEEE 63rd conference proceedings.
Tu, C. H., & Soju-Montes, L. E. (2015). MOOCs. In R, Papa(Ed), Media rich instruction: Connecting curriculum to all learners. Dordrekht: Springer.
Zarghami-Hamrah, S. (2009). Philosophy of Information Technology and education. Tehran: Mabnaye Kherad. (In Persian)