نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسنده

پژوهشگاه علوم انسانی و مطالعات فرهنگی

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش، بررسی تاثیر پدیدۀ دوستی به عنوان یکی از مهمترین چالش‌های زندگی اجتماعی انسان به ویژه در دوران مدرسه، بر پیشرفت معرفتی کودکان و نوجوانان در حلقه‌های کندوکاو فلسفی می باشد. برای دستیابی به این هدف از روش تحلیل و تفسیر متون و استنتاج منطقی بهره گرفته شد. یافته های این پژوهش حاکی از آن است که گفتگوی جمعی نقاد و خلاق در «حلقه‌های کندوکاو فلسفی» همواره با دو دغدغه همراه است: نخست، در صورت مشارکت در گفتگوی انتقادی احتمال تخریب و تکدر دوستی میان هم‌کلاسان وجود دارد. دومین نگرانی، رکود پیشرفت معرفت‌شناختی در حلقه‌های کندوکاو به دلیل عدم مشارکت دوستان صمیمی در فرایند نقد و تولید ایده‌های بدیع در حین گفتگو و پیروی از آرای افراد قوی‌تر در کلاس می باشد. لذا به‌نظر می‌رسد، همان‌گونه که این جنبش‌های تأملی نیازمند تغییر و تحولاتی در سخت‌افزارهای نظام تعلیم و تربیت سنتی هستند، می‌بایست در حوزه نرم‌افزاری تعلیم وتربیت از جمله مفهوم دوستی، تعریف جدیدی ارائه دهند. پرورش تفکر مراقبتی درکنار دو مهارت فکری نقاد و خلاق می‌تواند مفهوم دوستی را در ذهن کودکان به مثابه یک امر مراقبتی با تمام ویژگی‌های آن ارتقاء دهد. برپایه نتایج به دست آمده می توان بازتعریف مفهوم دوستی از رابطه‌ای سطحی و مبتنی بر تایید را به رابطه‌ای مراقبتی، اندیشمندانه و رشد‌دهنده پیشنهاد داد.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Friendship: Necessity or Obstacle foe philosophizing in Community of Inquiry Redefinition of Caring Friendship in “Philosophy for Children” program

نویسنده [English]

  • mehrnoosh hedayati

Institute of Humanties and Cultural Studies

چکیده [English]

The aim of this article is to study the status of the phenomenon of friendship, as one of the most important challenges of human’s social life, especially during school time, on epistemological development in the "Community of Philosophical Inquiry"(CPI). To achieve this goal, the method of content analysis and logical deduction was used. According to the study, communal critical and creative dialogue, in Community of Philosophical Inquiry leads always to two challenges: firstly, in the case of participation in a critical dialogue, there is a possibility of demolition friendship, and the second concern is the reduction of epistemic progress in the CPI, because the friends will not be able to participate in the critique process and innovative different ideas during the dialogue, and follow the more powerful classmate’s idea . It seems, therefore, that as these reflection movements require changes in the hardware of the traditional education system, changing in the field of educational softwares, such as the concept of friendship, is necessary. Nurture Caring Thinking, besides critical and creative thinking Skills, can modified and redefines the concept of friendship in the minds of children as a caring phenomenon with entire aspects. In this present article, while explaining the necessity of the friendship in school, will affirm the particular impact of this phenomenon on the epistemological and philosophical advancement in CPI, and the redefinition of the concept of friendship from surface and confirmed based relation to caring, thoughtful and developmental relation.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Friendship
  • Community of Inquiry
  • caring thinking
  • Caring Friendship
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