نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه فردوسی مشهد

2 فردوسی مشهد

3 دانشگاه تربیت مدرس

چکیده

هدف اصلی این مقاله، واکاوی نقش فرونسیس (عقل عملی) و نیز اراده ایمانی در موقعیت‌ها و دوراهه‌های اخلاقی تدریس است که معلمان با آن‎ها مواجه می‌شوند. برای دستیابی به این هدف از روش پژوهش استنتاجی بهره گرفته شد. بنابراین، نخست با تکیه بر دیدگاه های دیوید کار، ظرفیت فرونسیس (عقل عملی) در اخلاق تدریس مورد بحث قرار گرفت. سپس در چارچوب دیدگاه‌های کار و بر اساس مواضع علامه طباطبایی نسبت به اراده ایمانی، دلالت‌هایی برای قضاوت‌های اخلاقی اثربخش در فرایند تدریس استنتاج شد. بنابر یافته‌های این پژوهش، به زعم کار، فرونسیس ارسطویی، نظم‌دهنده و کنترل‌کننده احساسات، تمایلات و خواسته‌ها در شرایط و موقعیت‌های تدریس می‌باشد که با پیشرفت منش معلمان سروکار دارد. از مواضع علامه طباطبایی نیز می‌توان استنباط نمود که در قضاوت‌های حرفه‌ای تدریس، علاوه بر عقل عملی به عنوان بُعدی ادراکی، ایمان، اراده وعمل نیز حائز اهمیت اند؛ هرقدر ایمان در مراحل قلب، لسان، فکر و عمل، با وساطت اراده تقویت شود، تعالی اخلاق حرفه‌ای معلمان در مواجهه با موقعیت‌ها و دوراهه‌های اخلاقی تدریس نیز تقویت می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Capacity for Professional Ethics of Teaching based on David Carr’s Phronesis (practical wisdom) and Allama Tabatabaie’s Faith will

نویسندگان [English]

  • Samaneh Amini Mashhadi 1
  • Abulfazl Ghaffari 2
  • Bakhtiar Shabani Varaki 2
  • Reza Akbrian 3

1 ferdowsi university

2 ferdowsi university

3 Tarbiat Modares University

چکیده [English]

The aim of this article is to examine the concepts of phronesis (practical wisdom) and faith will in situations and ethical dilemmas that teachers face in teaching. The method of research is deductive one. First, it considers the conception of phronesis (practical wisdom) based on David Carr’s view to explore how teachers enable to gain effective moral judgments in process of teaching. Next, considering his ideas, it can be emerged some implication for moral judgments of teaching by Allama Tabatabaie’s faith will. Aaccording to Carr, the Aristotelian idea of phronesis that is considered the ordering of desires, feelings and appetites in situations of teaching is associated with the development of character. It is also argued that professional judgments in teaching need more than practical wisdom and faith will is more important. Whenever we bolster faith as the inclination of practice, it helps to cultivate professional ethics in situations and ethical dilemmas of teaching.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • phronesis
  • practical wisdom
  • faith will
  • ethics of teaching
  • David Carr
  • Allama Tabatabaie
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