نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

دانشگاه خوارزمی

چکیده

هدف این پژوهش، تحلیل مفهوم زندگی خوب در رویکرد سعادت گرا به منظور تدوین هدف­های تربیت می­باشد. سپس بر اساس این تحلیل و در بستر بینش فلسفی به دست آمده از آن، هدف­هایی برای تربیت تدوین­شد. برای دستیابی به این هدف­ها از روش­های تحلیل مفهومی و قیاس عملی فرانکنا استفاده شد. بر اساس نتایج این پژوهش، جهت­گیری­های کلی زندگی خوب سعادت گرا عبارتند از: فضیلت، ترجیح خردورزی بر دیگر شیوه های بودن، معناداری و شکوفایی. هدف های تربیت سعادت گرایانه در دو بخش هدف­ غایی و هدف­های میانی ارائه شدند. این هدف ها عبارتند از: شکوفایی که هدف غایی تربیت سعادت­گراست و معناداری و فضیلت مندی که به عنوان هدف های میانی تربیت سعادت گرا شناخته شدند. بدین ترتیب، هدف اصلی تعلیم و تربیت، راهنمایی متربیان به سمت شیوه های زندگی فضیلت­مندانه و شکوفنده است. در حقیقت تربیت بر بنیاد زندگی خوب سعادت گرا، شکوفا شدن را پاسخی مناسب و ضروری برای مسأله بنیادین و هنجارین نیک بختی انسان می داند، و تربیت سعادت گرایانه ناظر بر چگونگی تحقق این هدف در فراگیران است. بنابراین ویژگی های اصلی تعلیم و تربیت سعادت گرا در فرایند تربیت،  فضیلت محوری، خردگرایی، هدف­مداری و معنا داری  به سمت شکوفایی انسانی است.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Analyzing the Concept of Good Life in a Eudaimonic Approach to Drawing Aims of Education

نویسندگان [English]

  • mozhgan kord
  • Yahya Ghaedi
  • Saeid Zarghami-Hamrah
  • Ramazan barkhordari

Kharazmi University

چکیده [English]

The purpose of this study is to analyze the concept of the good life in the Eudaimonic approach to drawing aims of education. To this purpose, first, the concept of the good life in the Eudaimonic was analyzed, then based on this analysis and in the context of the philosophical insights gained from this analysis, aims for education were drawn. To achieve these goals, the conceptual analysis and reconstructed methods of Francena's practical syllogism were used. According to the findings of this study, the general orientations of Eudaimonic well-being are virtue, meaningfulness, and. Human flourishing. The aims of education of Eudaimonic well-being were presented in two parts: the end aim and the middle aims. These aims include human flourishing as the ultimate goal of education Eudaimonic well-being, and meaningfulness and virtue are identified as intermediate goals of education Eudaimonic well-being. Thus, the primary purpose of education is to guide educators towards virtuous and flourish lifestyles. Education-based on Eudaimonic well-being considers flourishing as an appropriate necessary answer to the fundamental and normative issue of human well-being. Moreover, Eudaimonic education is about how learners achieve this aim. Therefore, in the process of this kind of education and based on the paths of Eudaimonic well-being, it should be said that the main features of Eudaimonic education are the central virtue, the rationality, the meaningfulness, and the sense of being towards human flourishing.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • good life
  • Eudaimonic
  • aims of education

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