نوع مقاله : پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 تهران

2 علامه طباطبایی

چکیده

هدف اصلی این پژوهش واکاوی کارکردهای پرسش در فرآیند فهم و ویژگی‌های معلم و شاگرد در مقام پرسشگر می‌باشد. برای دستیابی به این هدف از دو روش بسط مفهومی و استنتاجی بهره گرفته شد. نتایج به‌دست‌آمده حاکی از آن است که پرسش نقشی کلیدی در وقوع فهم داشته و در هر یک از مراحل پنج‌گانه آن وظایفی برعهده دارد. فعال کردن پیش‌داوری‌ها، به چالش کشیدن متن در مواجهه تفصیلی با آن، مواجهه ثانویه خواننده با خویش براساس پرسش‌های متن و مواجهه خواننده با متن براساس پرسش‌های ناشی از تجربه زمان حال، از وظایف مهم پرسش در خلال فهم است. پرسش‌های کلیشه شکن، معنا آفرین، افق آفرین و متعاقب گونه‌هایی از پرسش هستند که در مراحل مختلف فهم قابل استفاده‌اند. همچنین هریک از معلم و شاگرد پرسشگرانی هستند که باید از ویژگی‌هایی چون گشودگی، جرأت ورزی، حقیقت‌جویی و حق پذیری برخوردار باشند.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Understanding, Questioning and Class from the Perspective of Gadamer; Question-Based Explanation of the Teaching Process

نویسندگان [English]

  • narges sajadieh 1
  • sara tusian 2

1 tehran

2 allame tabatabai univercity

چکیده [English]

The main purpose of this research is the exploration functions of question in the understanding process and features of teacher and student as a questioner. For this purpose is used conceptual analysis and deductive method. So according to study question has a key role in the understanding and has some tasks in its steps: Enable pre-understanding and prejudices, challenging text in the detailed faced whit it, second facing of reader whit himself based on text’s questions, faced of reader whit the text based on question of experience of the present. In these steps we can use different kind of question such as: stereotype breaker, creating meaning, creating horizon and subsequent. Also according to Gadamer’s views both teacher and student are questioners that must be openness, assertiveness, truth-seeking and acceptor truth.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Question
  • Understanding
  • Questioning
  • Education
  • Gadamer
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